2 edition of Lecture on the theory of moral obligation found in the catalog.
Lecture on the theory of moral obligation
|Contributions||University of Oxford.|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||50|
To determine the moral status of an action, utilitarianism has us look at (c), deontology (b), and virtue theory (a). What matters for virtue theory, more specifically, is the character of the agent. For example, suppose your friend is struggling in and the course is a File Size: KB. The necessity of free action is a special kind of necessity which I call ‘moral necessity or moral obligation’. Every free actor is free only when he deliberates and reflects on what he is going to act, and on the basis of his previous beliefs of goodness or badness, right or wrong, nice or nasty, he will choose and make a decision to act.
Third, moral impressions are worth considering only from a social point of view because our actions are considered moral or immoral only with regard to how they affect others, not how they affect ourselves. This concept leads Hume to classify sympathy, feeling for fellow human beings, as the foundation of . Lecture 3 - Desire-fulfillment theory - Heathwood, C. ‘Desire-fulfillment theory’ in Fletcher, G. The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Well-Being. - Fletcher, G. The Philosophy of Well-Being: an Introduction, chapter 2. Week 2 - Well-Being. Lecture 1 - Objective List Theory - Fletcher, G. ‘Objective List Theories’ in Fletcher, G.
7. Rule Utilitarianism: That action is right that is based on a rule that maximizes happiness of the affected population. According to Rule Utilitarianism, we should assess the rules related to actions, or kinds of actions, and look at those consequences.. a. E.g., promise-keeping in general is a good rule that maximizes happiness (but see the complex example below). Natural law theory: Natural law theory identifies natural values as including what human beings innately desire and need as well as whatever conforms to the cosmic order and its then adds that these natural values are (morally) good and that we have a moral obligation to promote them. Of these goods, human reason is particularly important and should guide and direct all that we do.
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I begin in § by describing four aspects of the authority of obligation that often get run together. Section describes my overall approach and motivates it with some basic intuitions.
I then turn in § to explaining how my theory grounds the four main features of moral obligation. Features of Moral Obligation Normative Force.
A Theory of Moral Obligation. Dodsworth, Christopher R. Abstract: The dominant accounts of moral obligation today take as their main task the derivation of duties that are owed to other people generally, simply in virtue of their being rational agents or in some other way essentially “creatures like us.” These accounts begin by.
In moral philosophy, deontological ethics or deontology (from Greek δέον, deon, "obligation, duty") is the normative ethical theory that the morality of an action should be based on whether that action itself is right or wrong under a series of rules, rather than based on the consequences of the action.
It is sometimes described as duty- obligation- or rule-based ethics. What are examples of moral obligation. Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law.
This is the Categorical Imperative (another way of saying obligation) as briefly described by the. God and Moral Obligation C. Stephen Evans. Argues that a divine command ethic, a natural law ethic, and a virtue ethic are not rivals but provide complementary perspectives; Explores the main objections to a divine command ethic and clearly resopnds to these; Compares a divine command morality to leading secular metaethical views.
In God and Moral Obligation philosopher C. Stephen Evans seeks to provide an account of the nature and origin of moral obligations such as those that led Rabe to remain behind.
Evans argues that the proper understanding of such obligations is theological in nature: “God is the ground of moral obligations and a crucial part of the explanation Cited by: The theory that the goodness or moral excellence of God is the foundation of moral obligation LECTURE VIII. -- Foundation of Moral Obligation.
False Theories. The philosophy which teaches that moral order is the foundation of moral obligation. The theory that maintains that the nature and relations of moral beings is the true foundation of File Size: 2MB.
SUMMARY: This article presents a theory of obligation in the context of humanitarianism. Its foundational assumption is that there exists a moral imperative to assist the structurally dispossessed and functionally abused.
It builds particularly on the cross-disciplinary work (both academic and applied) of anthropologists, but also of political scientists, sociologists, human rights specialists. Lecture Notes on Emile Durkheim. • Moralism: argues that social integration is a moral phenomenon; collective ideals and sentiments (especially those of a moral or ethical kind) are the key to understanding social moral obligation to others because others are like themselves.
In such societies thought andFile Size: 89KB. To the question ‘What is the basis of moral obligation?’, argues that there is no general answer. It is improper to imply that all right acts are right for the same reason. Before defending this view, considers two possible grounds for moral obligation: 1) the goodness of the effects of an action, and 2) the goodness of the act itself.
Lecture 4 Lecture 4. To give a clear view of the moral standard set up by the theory, much more requires to be said; in particular, what things it includes in the ideas of pain and pleasure; and to what extent this is left an open question.
But these supplementary explanations do not affect the theory of life on which this theory of. The paper explores theories of moral obligation from those of late scholastics such as Francisco Suarez and Gabriel Vasquez to those of Samuel Pufendorf and John Locke.
The theories of Pufendorf and Locke are contrasted. Although these two theories. Public Lecture by A. John Simmons - Ma - Duration: Harvard University Edmond J.
Safra Center for Ethics views. As in the case of his divine command theory, this is a theory of the real essence of goodness, not a theory of the meaning of the word 'good' or of our concept of goodness.
In the "Moral Commands" paper, Adams deals with such concepts as right./wrong, moral obligation, guilt. 'Moral obligation' discusses Elizabeth Anscombe's account of moral obligation. The paper argues that account of moral obligation she favoured is quite different from that taught by early modern and late medieval Catholic scholasticism.
Then, in Section 2, I try to give an account of some of the main features of the concept of intrinsic value, which is the concept of value that is used in the formulation of the theory of moral obligation proposed here. Finally, in Section 3, I state the theory itself, and point Author: Fred Feldman.
The chapter explores theories of moral obligation from those of late scholastics such as Francisco Suarez and Gabriel Vasquez to those of Samuel Pufendorf and John Locke.
The theories of Pufendorf and Locke are contrasted. Although these two theories appear similar, there is a profound difference between by: 3. The complexity of the foundation of moral obligation.
The practical bearings of what is regarded as the true theory of the foundation of moral obligation, viz. that the highest well-being of God and of the universe is the sole foundation of moral obligation. LECTURE XIV. -- Moral Government--Continued. Moral Obligations Essay Sample.
Singer’s goal in this article is “if it is in our power to prevent something bad from happening, without thereby sacrificing ourselves or dependents than we ought to morally do it” (Singer,p.
The 's Theory Of Moral Obligation And Responsibility. Words 5 Pages. Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is the belief that a moral act is the one that help the greatest number. PharmaCARE actions with the respect of the indigenous people of Colberia would be ethical because of the marketing slogan “We CARE about YOUR health” and We CARE.
Humans develop other moral obligations on the basis of unequivocal contracts which connect them not only legally, but morally as well. “ Philosophies” Related to Moral Obligation. Kant is celebrated for the theory that moral obligations are overt necessities.
It includes .Here are six key types of moral obligations: 1. Obligations to family (kids obligation to parent and parent obligation to kid) 2.
Obligations to friends 3. Obligations based on promises, commitments, and contracts. 4. Obligations related to your w.SERMONS And LECTURES. by Charles G.
Finney That the sovereign will of God is the foundation of Moral Obligation -- The theory of Paley -- The utilitarian philosophy. [There is no Lecture LIII in the printed book. The lectures are incorrectly numbered.) LECTURE LIV.